" In a home, there are simple things we can do. In terms of color choices, for example, we can provide more contrast for people so they can see the toilet against the floor. We want color contrast between the toilet and the wall behind it. We want color contrast between grab bars and the wall so people can see where to grasp it. [We can add] pull down shades over mirrors if a loved one sees their own reflection, but instead of seeing themselves, sees a stranger. We can hide those mirrors without having to take them off the wall.
One of the most important things is to make sure that the person suffering from dementia can maintain their circadian rhythms. They may lose that ability to get quality REM sleep at night and then become more dependent, unfortunately, on medication.
We want to keep their connection to the outside [by using] daylight, and help them see the transitions [of the day], hopefully gently, so they don’t go through sundowning syndromes. There are also lighting fixtures and lighting systems that help ease those transitions and help reinforce their circadian rhythms.